Measurement instruments designed for individuals without a disability are often not developmentally or functionally valid for Individuals with disabilities. For example, individuals with intellectual disabilities or visual impairments may need modifications to question format, and response options to facilitate understanding or ease of survey completion, respectively. Additionally, often, the questions designed for persons without a disability do not reflect the lived experiences and perceived barriers to participation experienced by individuals with disabilities. It is often necessary to validate instruments for use by people with disabilities prior to using the instruments to understand the impact of sport and physical activity on the lives of persons with disabilities.
The following papers have been published with a focus on establishing the validity of instruments designed for individuals with disabilities.
- Corbett, A., & Shapiro, D.R. (in progress). Development and validation of the talent development environment questionnaire for athletes with disabilities.
- Sur, MH, & Shapiro, D.R. (in review). Basic Psychological Needs for Physical Activity Participation for College Students with Intellectual Disabilities: A Validation Study.
- Shapiro, D. R., & Yun, J. (2003). Sport motivation questionnaire for persons with mental retardation. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 37, 315-325.