“Exploring Perceptions, Extending Practice: A Collaborative Inquiry into Teacher Resistance to Electronic Book Use in Reading Instruction”
by: Lisa Stone
Teaching students to read digitally is more important than ever as teachers prepare children for success in the 21st century, yet many teachers are reluctant to use electronic books in their reading instruction. This qualitative study will investigate primary teachers’ knowledge of and perceptions about using electronic books for interactive read-alouds and use collaborative inquiry to develop perceptions and effective practices. A small group of primary teachers will collaborate in the practice of inquiry to develop a working knowledge of electronic children’s books and create a shared understanding of effective practices to use with electronic books in reading instruction with beginning readers. Data collected will include written and oral reflections of teachers participating. In addition, the researcher will interview each participant and take field notes as a part of participant observation. Grounded in sociocultural theory and using qualitative data analysis methods, this study aims to build a culture of collaboration, inquiry, and reflection in order to increase use of electronic books in reading instruction.
“Stereotype Management among Black Doctoral Music Students”
by: Steven Anderson
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the management of identity stereotypes affects the experiences of Black doctoral music students. Stereotype threat is usually measured quantitatively and results vary based on the degree of an individual’s identification with a stigmatized identity and situational cues. However, stereotype management was developed to explain the reactions of individuals to stereotypes when they are ubiquitous and within real social and academic environments. Neither of these theories has been applied to music education research thus far. For this study, I am interested in investigating how black music students identify and respond to identity stereotypes throughout their music education. I will examine the depth of participants’ experiences with stereotypes through narrative inquiry and phenomenological analysis. Black doctoral students were chosen because of the salience of race in stereotype management and the multitude of experiences acquired from grade school through terminal degree study. This study will help inform the profession on how stereotypes in music education create both negative threats to performance and positive agency to succeed.
“Creating an Inclusive School Culture for Students in Special Education”
by: Stephanie L. Chattman
Educating students with special needs has evolved throughout history. Initially, students with disabilities were not educated at all. This has changed dramatically in recent times, as students in special education are more often being educated within the general classroom. Special education laws have mandated that students with disabilities be educated ln the “least restrictive environment.” This is called inclusion; the term refers to a variety of programs ln which students enrolled in special education are educated with their non-disabled peers to the greatest extent possible. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the norms, values, and beliefs that are ingrained in a school culture that promotes an inclusive education for special education students. This will be a qualitative study using a case study model. The study will focus on one urban elementary school (K-5), located in a large southeastern city, with an enrollment of approximately four hundred fifty students. For students with specific learning disabilities the school offers a variety of classroom models including self-contained, inclusion, and resource models. The key informants in the case study will be six co-teaching teams along with the school’s administrative staff. The principal and assistant principal will be crucial participants in the study. The data sources will consist of interview transcripts, field notes from informal and formal observations, and artifacts. The data sources will be compared to assess the connection between intention and practice. The theoretical framework for this dissertation is social justice theory. The success or failure of inclusion is based upon the school leaders’ perspective of how special education students should be educated and how school culture is shaped. This study will add valuable research to the body of knowledge on schools leaders’ efficacy in creating school cultures that foster inclusion for students in special education.
“Individual Differences in Self-regulated Learning and Students’ Achievement in Online Courses”
by: Dina M. Schwam
Self-regulated learning, a complex construct, involves three phases that a successful learner works through, referred to as forethought, performance, and self-reflection. Research has demonstrated that self-regulated learning is related to academic achievement, and that academic achievement and self-regulated learning can be improved with explicit instruction. Researchers have found that students enter college courses with varying levels of self-regulated learning skills and that online courses require a higher degree of self-regulated learning skills than other courses. In previous research, five self-regulating learning profiles have been identified in non-traditional students enrolled in online degree programs. These profiles run a spectrum from no self-regulated learning skills to superior self-regulated learning skills. With more courses being offered online at traditional universities, it is important to understand the self-regulated learning profiles of traditional students attending on line classes. It is also important to understand what factors may contribute to self-regulated learning such as age, education level, prior online experience, and comfort level in an online format. This information will inform universities of specific learning programs that may be needed. In this study I will focus on investigating if the five self-regulating learning profiles found by other researchers can be replicated in students attending online classes in a traditional university as well as the effects of self-regulated learning profiles on academic achievement. In addition, in the current study I will also explore how age, education level, prior online experience, and comfort level in taking online courses contribute to self-regulated learning profiles.
“A Systemic Analysis of Presence in Asynchronous Online Undergraduate Courses Using Structural Equation Modeling”
by: Johnathan Yerby
This study seeks to explore the effects of teaching, social, and cognitive presence on interaction and student course satisfaction in an asynchronous online course. Data will be collected using elements of an existing validated survey based on the community of inquiry (Col) model (Arbaugh et al., 2008; D. R. Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000), The Noel-Levitz Priorities Survey for Online Learners (Ruffalo Noel Levitz, 2016), and the Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (S. L. Walker & B. J. Fraser, 2005). Results will be estimated using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling (Shea & Bidjerano, 2009). This study is meant to add to the literature on asynchronous online learning, but also serve as a model for future research and development.
“Parents’ and Children’s Oral Language Use during Three Gaming Contexts”
by: Dariush Bakhtiari
The oral vocabulary knowledge that young children acquire prior to school entry is foundational to their ability to learn to read (Whitehurst & Lonigan, 1998). Parents are typically children’s first teachers, and research has shown that children’s oral vocabulary knowledge is linked to parent-child interactions (Hart & Risley, 1995; Rowe, 2012; Senechal, LeFever, Thomas, & Daley, 1998; Tamis-LeMonda, Bornstein, Baumwll, 2001; Taylor, 2011). Additionally, parent communication with their children has been seen to differ depending upon the context (Crain-Thorson, Dahlin, & Powell, 2002; Kaefer, Neuman, & Pinkham, 2015; Sosa, 2015). In this study, parents and their 3 and 4 year old children will be audiotaped while they play together in 3 different gaming contexts: a board game, a digital/video game, and while playing with toys. Specifically, this study addresses three research questions: 1) Are there differences in oral vocabulary used by parents and their children in three different gaming contexts: free play with toys, a board game, and a digital game?; 2) What is the nature of the relationship between parents’ and children’s oral vocabulary knowledge and use during game play and on standardized vocabulary assessments?; and 3) After accounting for children’s age and parents’ education levels, what characteristics of parents’ oral vocabulary knowledge and use explain significant variance in children’s oral vocabulary knowledge and use? Each parent and child will have their expressive and receptive vocabulary knowledge measured using the Expressive Vocabulary Test- Second Edition (Williams, 2007) and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test- Fourth Edition (Dunn & Dunn, 2007). The parents’ and children’s verbal exchanges during the three different gaming contexts will be audiotaped, and their total number of words spoken, total number of different words spoken, mean length of utterance, number of rare words, and type-token ratio will be calculated. To answer the research questions, descriptive analyses (i.e., mean, standard deviations, range, and totals), multiple analyses of variance, correlations, and multiple linear regression analyses will be conducted.